- From at least 139 CE, Rome's port at Ostia, the site of the goddess's arrival, had a fully developed sanctuary to Magna Mater and Attis, served by a local Archigallus and college of " dendrophores " ( the ritual tree-bearers of " Holy Week " ).
- Although the astronomical armillary sphere ( representing the celestial sphere ) existed in China since the 1st century BCE, the mathematician and court astronomer Zhang Heng ( 78 139 CE ) provided it with motive power by using the constant pressure head of an inflow water clock to rotate a waterwheel that acted on a set of gears.
- Shen supported and expanded upon beliefs earlier proposed by Han Dynasty ( 202 BCE & ndash; 202 CE ) scholars such as Jing Fang ( 78 & ndash; 37 BCE ) and Zhang Heng ( 78 & ndash; 139 CE ) that lunar eclipse occurs when the earth obstructs the sunlight traveling towards the moon, a solar eclipse is the moon's obstruction of sunlight reaching earth, the moon is spherical like a ball and not flat like a disc, and moonlight is merely sunlight reflected from the moon's surface.
- The other is the Eastern Han " Monthly Instructions for the Four Classes of People " ( " Simin yueling " 踁lg銷 ) written by Cui Shi ( 琍?[ ) ( d . 170 CE ) . on astronomy, such as the " Miscellaneous Readings of Cosmic Patterns and Pneuma Images " ( " Tianwen qixiang zazhan " ) Y噀 # la屲?` S ) from the 2nd-century-BCE Mawangdui Silk Texts and Zhang Heng's ( 78 & ndash; 139 CE ) " Spiritual Constitution of the Universe " ( " Lingxian"