- In these texts it is reported that after the death of her husband in 124 BCE, she tried to install their son on the throne of the kingdom.
- ;c . 124 : BCE : The woman with seven sons was a Jewish martyr described in 2 Maccabees 7 ( 2 Maccabees was written c . 124 BCE ) and other sources.
- To produce morally sound officials, Emperor Wu further sponsored Confucian education when he established the Imperial University in 124 BCE . Despite mainstream acceptance of Confucianism for the rest of Han ( and until the end of the Qing dynasty in 1911 ), philosophers still defended some Legalist ideas while the state's laws and policies reflect a compromise reached between Legalism and Han Confucianism.
- Some time after 124 BCE, possibly following further incursions from the north and apparently also following a defeat by the Parthian king Mithridates II, successor to Artabanus the Yuezhi moved south to Bactria . ( Two centuries earlier, Bactria had been conquered by the Greeks under Alexander the Great and since settled by the Hellenistic civilization of the Seleucids and the Greco-Bactrians . ) This event is recorded in classical Greek sources, when Strabo who tended to refer to all central Asian tribes as " Scythians " explained that these tribes had caused the destruction of the Greco-Bactrian kingdom in the second half of the 2nd century BCE.