- Its capital Terqa was a former chief district town from the time of the last ruler of Mari, Zimrilim ( 1775-1761 BC ).
- The Amorite Mari was short lived as it was annexed by Babylonia in c . 1761 BC, but the city survived as a small settlement under the rule of the Babylonians and the Assyrians before being abandoned and forgotten during the Hellenistic period.
- The relations with Babylon worsened with a dispute over the city of H + t that consumed much time in negotiations, during which a war against Elam involved both kingdoms in c . 1765 BC . Finally, the kingdom was invaded by Hammurabi who defeated Zimri-Lim in battle in c . 1761 BC and ended the Lim dynasty, while Terqa became the capital of a rump state named the Kingdom of Hana.
- The political-military alliance with Babylon ended with Hammurabi of Babylon invading Mari and destroying the kingdom in ca . 1761 BC, however economical relations continued as Babylon didn't advance into Aleppo territory, but the invading of Mari had a negative impact on trade between the two kingdoms as the road became dangerous because of the loss of Mari protection to the caravans crossing that road, later in his reign the city of Carchemish came under Yamhad domination.
- Shamshi-Adad I ( c . 1754 BC c . 1721 BC ), son of Ila-kabkabu, inherited the throne in Terqa from his father c . 1785 BC . Shamshi-Adad I was forced to flee to Babylon while Naram-Suen of Eshnunna attacked Ekallatum c . 1761 BC . Shamshi-Adad I conquered Assur, took over the long-abandoned town of Shekhna in north-eastern Syria, converted it into the capital city of his Upper Mesopotamian Empire, renamed it to Shubat-Enlil, and emerged as the first Amorite king of Assyria c . 1754 BC . Shamshi-Adad I placed his sons in key geographical locations and gave them responsibility to look over those areas.