- ryosei is the systems based on ryo that refer to the administrative law of the ritsuryo codes .
- the importance of li gradually increased , and it was isolated from lu to become an administrative law system .
- in 689 , the administrative law of the asuka kiyomihara , composed of 22 volumes , was established and promulgated .
- during the reign of emperor saga , yasuhito compiled " konin kyakushiki " code (amendments to penal and administrative law compiled in 820 ).
- it therefore had a complex structure in which despite being an administrative law , it also comprised the provisions for criminal punishment .
- in 830 , he completed konin kyakushiki code (amendments to penal and administrative law compiled in 820 ) for which revisions had been made since the age of emperor saga .
- the konin-kyaku was a compilation of kyakushiki (penal and administrative law and their amendments ) that was compiled and enforced towards the beginning of the heian period .
- therefore , the ancient ritsuryo law had ' ritsu ' for the penal code , ' ryo ' for the administrative law , but not law for the civil code .
- lu ( " 律 " )corresponds to the penalty codes , while li ( " 令 " or " 例 " ) indicates the codes of law (mainly the administrative law ) other than the penalty codes .
- during the reign of emperor saga , konin kyakushiki code (amendments to penal and administrative law compiled in 820 ), which was the integration of various laws , was compiled and put into practice .
- he was also involved in the compilation of the " konin " kyakushiki code (amendments to penal and administrative law compiled in 820 ) with fujiwara no fuyutsugu and akishino no yasuhito under emperor saga .
- while the japanese version excluded the taoistic elements which were not practiced in the country , it incorporated the rest without distinguishing the ' ritsu ' elements that had the nature of criminal code from the ' ryo ' portion that pertained to administrative law .
- li qiao ' s report to the throne which was written in 696 referred to 44 subjects of shodo junsatushi (travelling commissioners ) and 30 and more investigative visits in accordance with ' kyaku ' (supplementary imperial ordinances which were augmented to revise a preceded administrative law in the statutes [ling 令 ] of the ritsuryo law ).
- including this , there exist various theories , thought out by scholars in the edo and other periods , about how much the volume of 1 sho really was in the nara period , and all of them were just the speculation , merely based on the depiction seen in the penal and administrative law of the period , and on the chinese system of weights and measures .
- it is stated in the preface of the konin kyakushiki code (amendments to penal and administrative law compiled in 820 ) that " twenty-two volumes of administrative codes were completed in the first year of emperor tenmu called omi-chotei-no-ryo (the administrative code of the omi court ), " but it is believed that the omi-ryo (omi administrative code ) did not exist .
- in addition , shiki was used not only as the detailed enforcement regulations of the ryo which was the administrative law , but also as legal basis (including such as ' kebiishi shiki ' that enacted the placement of kebiishi (officials with judicial and police powers )) which were placed after the enforcement of ryo to complete the formation of officials outside of the ryo codes .
- ritsu ' consisting of 6 volumes which was equivalent to a criminal law followed toritsu (codes in the tang era ) almost as it was , but ' ryo ' consisting of 11 volumes which was equivalent to a present-day administrative law and the civil code was compiled by amending torei (codes in the tang era ) so as to conform to actual conditions of japanese society while following it .
- tatsukichi minobe , a scholar of constitutional law and administrative law , defined ' colonies in the legal aspect ' as ' a part of the national territories where different state laws were adopted ' and stated , ' it was positive that korea , taiwan , sakhalin , the kwantung leased territory and the south sea islands were considered as colonies based on the above definition ' ( " abstract of the constitution " ).
- according to the essay " law and people " (shunjusha publishing company educational library , 1943 ) written by yorozu oda , a scholar of administrative law , who was from the same province as okuma and favored by him , he was satisfied with the speech ito gave at the opening ceremony of waseda university in which he said , ' although i have been in conflict with okuma over various matters , the fact that he built this educational institute by himself is beyond reproach .'
- according to " hososhiyo-sho " (a legal book compiled by the sakanoue clan between the end of the heian period and the early kamakura period ), which described rules and regulations on dismounting a horse depending on his court rank based on the ritsuryo law system (an ancient administrative law system in japan ), a person of the third court rank or the lower had to dismount his horse when he met any imperial prince on the road , and even any lower-ranked or younger person without ikai (a court rank ) had to follow the same manner toward the nobilities and the elderly .