- Gouged into Chichiriviche Peak is a 250-foot ( 75-meter ) sinkhole with petroglyphs dating to 3400 B . C . _ the mysterious beckonings of a people called the Caquetios.
- The fist people to ever live on the beach were Caquetios Indians from the Arawak tribe in 100 A . D . Later, in 1499, Spanish explorer Alonso de Ojeda discovered the island and created a small garrison.
- During the pre-Columbian era, present-day La Guajira was inhabited predominantly by indigenous tribes belonging, in the dry northern lowlands, mostly to the Wayuu ( Guajiros, Macuiros, Anates, Caquetios, Wayunaiki, Cuanaos, Onotos and Eneales ) and Chimila ethnic groups, among others.