- The Bolshevik rebels successfully took over Alexandropol, Kars and Sarikamis.
- Enver ordered his forces to attack along many routes with the goal of arriving suddenly at Sarikamis at the same time.
- But General Yudenich, in charge of the defense of the area, ignored Vorontsov's wishes to withdraw and instead stayed to defend Sarikamis.
- This delay was to allow time to set up a pro-Turkish provisional government to resist the expected incorporation of the historically-Armenian province into the Armenian Republic . " National Islamic Councils " were formed in the main population centers of Kars provinceOltu, Kagizman, Igdir, Sarikamis, Ardahan and Kars itselfas well as settlements in adjoining territories where there were Turkish-speaking or Muslim populations ( including Akhalkalaki, Akhaltzikhe and Batumi ).