- It is not clear whether all training crushes involve the use of corporal punishment.
- The cage is known as " a training crush, " part of a centuries-old elephant-domestication ritual in northern Thailand.
- "' Elephant crushing "', or a "'training crush "'is a method by which wild elephants can be tamed for domestication, using restriction in a cage, sometimes with the use of corporal punishment or negative reinforcement.
- Handlers use a technique known as the training crush, in which " handlers use sleep-deprivation, hunger, and thirst to " break " the elephants'spirit and make them submissive to their owners "; moreover, handlers drive nails into the elephants'ears and feet.
- Quoted in " Gone Astray ", a 1967 report on a training crush notes,'An elephant born in captivity is brought up amongst human beings and its training is humane from the day it begins; but a wild beast parted from the herd and its mother must suffer agonies before its will is broken .'